May 3 – Middletown 366


Wilbur Olin Atwater is born

Wilbur O. Atwater (Public domain photograph via Wikimedia Commons)
Wilbur O. Atwater (Public domain photograph via Wikimedia Commons)

Wilbur Olin Atwater was an American scientist who introduced the concepts of agricultural chemistry and nutrition science. He was considered a pioneer in health science for his work on human metabolism and nutrition. Atwater was born on May 3, 1844 in Johnsburg, New York.

Atwater graduated from Wesleyan and then went onto Yale University’s Sheffield Scientific School. He invented the respiration calorimeter with assistance from fellow Wesleyan scientists Edward Bennett Rosa and Francis Gano Benedict. This device measured the energy provided by food and created the system that measured in units of food calories. It was developed in the Atwater system. Atwater stressed the importance of an inexpensive and efficient diet, which replaced carbohydrates with proteins and vegetables.

Story contributed by Kimberly Singh.


Photo of Dorothy Arnold Resembles Ingraham Woman

Acquaintance of Missing Woman Struck by Likeness–Family Attorney Again Denies.

(Special to the Eagle.)

Middletown, Conn., May 3.–Four different photographs of the missing Dorothy Arnold were shown to Leon Ingraham of Durham yesterday afternoon and he was asked if they were likenesses of his wife, Doris Ingraham, who ran away about ten days ago after declaring that she was the long missing Arnold girl.

Mr. Ingraham studied each of the photos carefully and then remarked with a shrug of his shoulders, “They are damned like her.”

The same photographs were shown to other people of Durham who are interested in the outcome of the matter. George R. Francis, president of the Merriam Manufacturing Company, was allowed to look at the photographs. Mr. Francis says they are a likeness of Mrs. Ingraham in every particular save one. He says Mrs. Ingraham has a slight tilt to the end of her nose which does not appear in the four photos. Otherwise, Mr. Francis regards the likeness complete.

In spite of the slight difference detected by Mr. Francis he is of the opinion that Mrs. Ingraham is the missing Dorothy Arnold.

He says that Mrs. Ingraham has every appearance of being a woman of 33 or 34 years of age. In spite of the disbelief of the father of the Arnold girl and of his attorney, John S. Keith of New York City, in the theory that Mrs. Ingraham is the long lost girl, Mr. Francis sticks to it that she is. Mr. Ingraham also is of the same opinion.

He is taking no steps to find his wife and has not ever reported the matter to the police of nearly cities. Apparently he does not regret very much her departure. It is said here that he and his wife did not get along well together. One story has it that Ingraham chased his wife up the road with a razor the day she left him.

Mr. Ingraham says he will do nothing to try to establish the identity of his wife. If the father of the missing Arnold girl cannot be persuaded to look into the claims of the Ingraham woman, it looks as if the newspapermen are the ones who must do it. Four were in Durham yesterday afternoon from New York City carrying on an investigation.


Vigorous denial that Mrs. Leon Albert Ingraham is the missing Dorothy Arnold was made yesterday in Hartford, Conn., by John S. Keith, attorney for the Arnold family. Keith based his conclusions on the discrepancies which appear in the description of certain markings on the body of Mrs. Ingraham, as described by her husband.

It is said that the Arnold family has carefully guarded knowledge of certain marks that existed on the body of Dorothy Arnold and has used this knowledge to dissipate the claims of various persons who have appeared and claimed to be Dorothy.

It is asserted that in a detailed description given by Ingraham, he specifically mentioned moles on his wife’s shoulders. These moles, he said, were so close to the shoulder blade as to be visible when his wife wore an evening gown. Dorothy Arnold had no such markings, Keith claims. The claim that Mrs. Ingraham was an accomplished pianist is answered by Keith with the statement that Dorothy Arnold was not a musician and was never musically inclined. Fillings in the teeth of the Ingraham woman do not tally with those of Dorothy Arnold, Keith says.

Keith regards as significant the fact that Ingraham has admitted he has always been greatly interested in the Arnold case and has followed it carefully in the newspapers. The story, briefly, that Ingraham told Keith concerning his wife’s version of the Arnold case, and which he says his wife told him shortly after their marriage when she confessed that she was Dorothy Arnold, is as follows:

Dorothy Arnold was kidnapped by two men who pushed her into a taxicab in 5th ave., where she was drugged. She regained her senses in a rooming house in Chicago. From there she went to Springfield, Ill., working as a servant; then to Boston, back to Chicago, then to Hartford and then to Middletown. The object of the kidnapping or her escape from her captors is not made clear.

From the Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, New York), Tuesday, May 3, 1921.

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